Etla - research to support policy-making

Research activities focus on two thematic areas

Theme 1: Impact of Economic Policy. The aim is to provide information on how economic policy can promote competition and business conditions between companies in Finland and improve the competitiveness of Finnish production on the world market.

Theme 2: Impact of Driving Forces (Megatrends). The research focuses on the driving forces’ (megatrend’s) effects on the business sector and on the preconditions of economic policies

Research is carried out in four research groups

ETLA Economic Research is engaged in applied economic research with emphasis on questions central to the Finnish economy and business sector.

Labour market and education

Labour market and education

Research on labour markets and education focuses on the transformation of work and adaptation to it. Technological change, globalization and demographic change are reflected in the structure of the labour force and skills required in the labor market. At the same time, the employment rate should be raised to strengthen public finances.

Growth, international trade and competition

Growth, international trade and competition

Research examines the role of competition in the economy. The focus is on the functioning of the markets and the impact of regulation and public sector activity on market dynamics. The programme provides a large amount of empirical analysis based on firm- and individual-level data on the competitive strategies of companies, barriers to entry in the market and the impact of public policy on competition and the operation of companies.

Macroeconomy and public finances

Macroeconomy and public finances

The main focus of public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.

Business renewal

Business renewal

The research of new technologies deals with the impact of the creation, emergence and application of new knowledge on businesses, industries and society. The focus is often on the discontinuities and changes related to technological development. Many of the programme’s projects are strongly interdisciplinary. Almost every project involves cooperation with companies or other stakeholders.

Selected research

Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
The main aim of this research project is to strengthen the database on the business support scheme by providing information on business support introduced as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research project consists of seven sections. The
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
Innovation ecosystems are recognized as playing an increasingly important role in the implementation of innovation and industry policies at national, regional and EU level. However, the assessment of the impact of ecosystems is complex and the assessment and measurement
Research began 2021 Research ends 2021
Recent statistics on both explicit and hidden government debt in Finland and other EU countries give cause for taking the issue of high levels of public debt raise seriously. The topic is particularly relevant for Finland today as the
Research began 2021 Research ends 2023
The 21st century has begun with an era of massive shocks to the world economy, with negative effects on practically all countries. The first major shock, the 2008 global financial crisis, originated in the US financial markets and rapidly
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
In the international research literature, foreign institutional investors have been found to have a positive impact on corporate innovation. Finnish data have shown that the patenting of companies is positively related to being the target of a foreign acquisition.
Research began 2021 Research ends 2021
The manufacture of electronic devices and service infrastructures for digital applications are mainly located outside Finland. Over time, an understanding has emerged, for example, of how the value of electronic device manufacturing is distributed globally across different supply chains.
Research began 2020 Research ends 2022
The aim of this research project is to produce a careful description of the loss of income caused by the death of a family parent, the protection provided by social security against loss of income and the need for
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
Productivity growth in Finland has remained low for more than a decade, but the reasons behind the stagnation remain unclear. Entry and exit of firms are generally recognized as important drivers of productivity growth. In addition to these well-studied
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
This research project examines the consequences of firm-level factors on export performance in Finland. The project utilizes combined firm and product-level data from both Finland and Sweden. Sweden is an interesting comparison country, because Finland competes – at least
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
This research project examines the effects of climate change on Finnish public finances from different perspectives. The project gathers information on global and local climate risks and specifies their effects on Finland and its economic sectors. The risks of
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
Allocation of labor and capital investments has been one of the central questions in economics since Adam Smith’s an Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Recently, more attention has been paid to analyses that
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
The aim of this research project is to find out geoeconomic threats and opportunities related to the Great-Power competition between China and the United States for the European Union and especially Finland, and to evaluate the related policy options.