Etla - research to support policy-making

Research activities focus on two thematic areas

Theme 1: Impact of Economic Policy. The aim is to provide information on how economic policy can promote competition and business conditions between companies in Finland and improve the competitiveness of Finnish production on the world market.

Theme 2: Impact of Driving Forces (Megatrends). The research focuses on the driving forces’ (megatrend’s) effects on the business sector and on the preconditions of economic policies

Research is carried out in four research groups

ETLA Economic Research is engaged in applied economic research with emphasis on questions central to the Finnish economy and business sector.

Labour market and education

Labour market and education

Research on labour markets and education focuses on the transformation of work and adaptation to it. Technological change, globalization and demographic change are reflected in the structure of the labour force and skills required in the labor market. At the same time, the employment rate should be raised to strengthen public finances.

Growth, international trade and competition

Growth, international trade and competition

Research examines the role of competition in the economy. The focus is on the functioning of the markets and the impact of regulation and public sector activity on market dynamics. The programme provides a large amount of empirical analysis based on firm- and individual-level data on the competitive strategies of companies, barriers to entry in the market and the impact of public policy on competition and the operation of companies.

Macroeconomy and public finances

Macroeconomy and public finances

The main focus of public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.

Business renewal

Business renewal

The research of new technologies deals with the impact of the creation, emergence and application of new knowledge on businesses, industries and society. The focus is often on the discontinuities and changes related to technological development. Many of the programme’s projects are strongly interdisciplinary. Almost every project involves cooperation with companies or other stakeholders.

Selected research

Research began 2022 Research ends 2024

This research project aims to produce new, policy‐relevant information on factors that enhance the attractiveness of Finland for productive companies and talented individuals. Maintaining the Finnish welfare state requires robust economic growth. To achieve this, Finland needs to increase R&D

Research began 2022 Research ends 2024

The Finnish economy has witnessed slow economic growth since the financial crisis in 2008. The business landscape and innovation patterns have changed during the past decade, e.g., through the new sustainability goals arising from climate change and tightened competition

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

The aim of this research project is to produce information about the framework system. The project draws up a vision of what kind of development needs can be seen in Finland's framework system and what concrete actions could be

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

This research project creates a situational picture of the effects of foreign investments on strategic and critical intangible assets. The results of the project help to outline how strategic/critical intangible capital can be defined, what effects foreign investments have

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

The main goal of this research project is to produce research data on how the actions of different policies affect productivity. It is particularly important to better understand the productivity effects of those policy measures that are central from

Research began 2022 Research ends 2022

The number of production investments in relation to the size of the economy has fallen in Finland since the 1990s. One explanatory factor is the reduction of the size of the business sector as the share of the business

Research began 2022 Research ends 2022

In February 2020, the European Commission presented its Communication reviewing the EU’s Economic gov-ernance framework. The revision of the framework will be undertaken by the EU’s Member States. The re-view includes an assessment of how the EU’s fiscal rules

Research began 2022 Research ends 2022

During the last five years e.g. Brexit, COVID-19 crisis and trade wars have probably affected Finnish companies' international trade and barriers to trade. For this reason, Finland does not currently have a recent understanding of the barriers to trade

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

Combating climate change will require substantial productive investments around the world. This so-called carbon neutral transition requires both emission reductions in all sectors and the strengthening of carbon sinks. A carbon neutral transition will cause structural changes in production,

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

Economic growth and well-being depend crucially on productivity growth. In Finland, however, the productivity has been weak over the past decade. According to a report published by the Finnish Productivity Board last September, one of the features that overshadows

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

The aim of this research project is to produce information that supports meeting the skills and education needs of the green transition under Finland's sustainable grwoth agenda. The main goal of this project is to study and describe extensively

Research began 2021 Research ends 2024

This research project provides a broad understanding of the causes, consequences and solutions relating to population ageing. It focuses on various phases of the individual life course, including family formation, working life and health and care at the end