Etla - research to support policy-making

Research activities focus on two thematic areas

Theme 1: Impact of Economic Policy. The aim is to provide information on how economic policy can promote competition and business conditions between companies in Finland and improve the competitiveness of Finnish production on the world market.

Theme 2: Impact of Driving Forces (Megatrends). The research focuses on the driving forces’ (megatrend’s) effects on the business sector and on the preconditions of economic policies

Research is carried out in four research groups

ETLA Economic Research is engaged in applied economic research with emphasis on questions central to the Finnish economy and business sector.

Labour market and education

Labour market and education

Research on labour markets and education focuses on the transformation of work and adaptation to it. Technological change, globalization and demographic change are reflected in the structure of the labour force and skills required in the labor market. At the same time, the employment rate should be raised to strengthen public finances.

Growth, international trade and competition

Growth, international trade and competition

Research examines the role of competition in the economy. The focus is on the functioning of the markets and the impact of regulation and public sector activity on market dynamics. The programme provides a large amount of empirical analysis based on firm- and individual-level data on the competitive strategies of companies, barriers to entry in the market and the impact of public policy on competition and the operation of companies.

Macroeconomy and public finances

Macroeconomy and public finances

The main focus of public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.

Business renewal

Business renewal

The research of new technologies deals with the impact of the creation, emergence and application of new knowledge on businesses, industries and society. The focus is often on the discontinuities and changes related to technological development. Many of the programme’s projects are strongly interdisciplinary. Almost every project involves cooperation with companies or other stakeholders.

Selected research

Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
Productivity growth in Finland has remained low for more than a decade, but the reasons behind the stagnation remain unclear. Entry and exit of firms are generally recognized as important drivers of productivity growth. In addition to these well-studied
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
This research project examines the consequences of firm-level factors on export performance in Finland. The project utilizes combined firm and product-level data from both Finland and Sweden. Sweden is an interesting comparison country, because Finland competes – at least
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
This research project examines the effects of climate change on Finnish public finances from different perspectives. The project gathers information on global and local climate risks and specifies their effects on Finland and its economic sectors. The risks of
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
Allocation of labor and capital investments has been one of the central questions in economics since Adam Smith’s an Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Recently, more attention has been paid to analyses that
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
The aim of this research project is to find out geoeconomic threats and opportunities related to the Great-Power competition between China and the United States for the European Union and especially Finland, and to evaluate the related policy options.
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
This research project examines the link between labor market system and employment in the light of the economic literature. The project also describes how negotiation systems are decentralized in Sweden, Denmark and Germany. The project answers following research questions:
Research began 2021 Research ends 2022
The aim of this research project is to evaluate the effectiveness of Team Finland Network, especially in terms of the effectiveness of the reforms made in 2018. The aim is to find out what is the added value of
Research began 2021 Research ends 2021
In Finland, investments to reform the economy and R&D investments in the economy in relation to GDP began to decline as early as the 2010s, and as a result, labor productivity began to decline. The market uncertainty caused by
Research began 2017 Research ends 2021
Etla started international trade and investments research at the end of 2017. The need for research has increased due to changes in trade on one hand and contract arrangements related activites and political pressures on the other. There are
Research began 2020 Research ends 2021
Understanding the overall economic impact of business subsidies is essential for planning effective aid policies and implementing economic policy measures. A successful business support policy can accelerate economic growth and improve competitiveness. On the other hand, subsidies can, in
Research began 2020 Research ends 2021
The functioning of international trade is important for small open economies such as Finland. Changes in international trade shakes the Finnish economy, and due to our export structure, the economic swings are potentially greater than in many other countries.
Research began 2020 Research ends 2023
According to the latest OECD PISA and PIAAC reports there are still too many young people around the world who lack an adequate level of proficiency in financial topics, with likely negative consequences for their future. Economic and Financial