Etla - research to support policy-making

Research activities focus on two thematic areas

Theme 1: Impact of Economic Policy. The aim is to provide information on how economic policy can promote competition and business conditions between companies in Finland and improve the competitiveness of Finnish production on the world market.

Theme 2: Impact of Driving Forces (Megatrends). The research focuses on the driving forces’ (megatrend’s) effects on the business sector and on the preconditions of economic policies

Research is carried out in four research groups

ETLA Economic Research is engaged in applied economic research with emphasis on questions central to the Finnish economy and business sector.

Labour market and education

Labour market and education

Research on labour markets and education focuses on the transformation of work and adaptation to it. Technological change, globalization and demographic change are reflected in the structure of the labour force and skills required in the labor market. At the same time, the employment rate should be raised to strengthen public finances.

Growth, international trade and competition

Growth, international trade and competition

Research examines the role of competition in the economy. The focus is on the functioning of the markets and the impact of regulation and public sector activity on market dynamics. The programme provides a large amount of empirical analysis based on firm- and individual-level data on the competitive strategies of companies, barriers to entry in the market and the impact of public policy on competition and the operation of companies.

Macroeconomy and public finances

Macroeconomy and public finances

The main focus of public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.

Business renewal

Business renewal

The research of new technologies deals with the impact of the creation, emergence and application of new knowledge on businesses, industries and society. The focus is often on the discontinuities and changes related to technological development. Many of the programme’s projects are strongly interdisciplinary. Almost every project involves cooperation with companies or other stakeholders.

Selected research

Research began 2022 Research ends 2022

During the last five years e.g. Brexit, COVID-19 crisis and trade wars have probably affected Finnish companies' international trade and barriers to trade. For this reason, Finland does not currently have a recent understanding of the barriers to trade

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

Combating climate change will require substantial productive investments around the world. This so-called carbon neutral transition requires both emission reductions in all sectors and the strengthening of carbon sinks. A carbon neutral transition will cause structural changes in production,

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

Economic growth and well-being depend crucially on productivity growth. In Finland, however, the productivity has been weak over the past decade. According to a report published by the Finnish Productivity Board last September, one of the features that overshadows

Research began 2022 Research ends 2023

The aim of this research project is to produce information that supports meeting the skills and education needs of the green transition under Finland's sustainable grwoth agenda. The main goal of this project is to study and describe extensively

Research began 2021 Research ends 2024

This research project provides a broad understanding of the causes, consequences and solutions relating to population ageing. It focuses on various phases of the individual life course, including family formation, working life and health and care at the end

Research began 2021 Research ends 2023

The current international corporate tax system has largely been considered outdated and at the end of its lifespan. The main reason behind the need for reform stems from the basic structure of the system, which was designed a hundred

Research began 2021 Research ends 2022

The collective bargaining system has a significant impact on the competitiveness of industry. This research project investigates how company-specific bargaining affects the wage levels and their dispersion. The project uses the income register to study how individuals' wages change

Research began 2021 Research ends 2022

Total emissions have decreased in the Finnish economy, and especially at the manufacturing industry. The purpose of this research project is to examine the association between emissions and evolution of manufacturing sector in Finland. In particular, we examine the

Research began 2021 Research ends 2022

The main aim of this research project is to strengthen the database on the business support scheme by providing information on business support introduced as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research project consists of seven sections. The

Research began 2021 Research ends 2023

The 21st century has begun with an era of massive shocks to the world economy, with negative effects on practically all countries. The first major shock, the 2008 global financial crisis, originated in the US financial markets and rapidly

Research began 2021 Research ends 2021

Recent statistics on both explicit and hidden government debt in Finland and other EU countries give cause for taking the issue of high levels of public debt raise seriously. The topic is particularly relevant for Finland today as the

Research began 2020 Research ends 2022

The aim of this research project is to produce a careful description of the loss of income caused by the death of a family parent, the protection provided by social security against loss of income and the need for