The main focus of public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.
The world and its current economic growth paradigm are facing an exceptional combination of health, environmental, and economic crises. The Covid-19 pandemic, the accelerating climate change, and the persistent long-term economic stagnation are jointly reshaping the societal landscape, and
The European Union (EU) has increasingly introduced sanctions as a political tool in the 2010s, also directed against neighbor super power and key trading partner Russia. As the global competition tightens with the emphasis on both geopolitics and geoeconomics
We analyse the effects of border carbon adjustment (BCA) on Finnish foreign trade, value chains, and the domestic economy. We also evaluate the practical issues and questions pertaining to international law, as well as alternative additional mechanisms to prevent
This project studies how ongoing technological changes and globalization should be taken into account in the design of the Finnish tax system. The project takes stock of the research on how digitalization, artificial intelligence and robotization can be expected
The research project aims at analysing the distribution of risks that relate to employee pension insurance benefits and their funding, both in theoretical scheme types (public/private, statutory/voluntary, defined benefit/defined contribution, funded/pay-as-you-go) and in their different combinations as employed by
The project aims at providing new information on reasons of health inequities, as well as recommendations for policy and future strategies to promote health and wellbeing. The undertaking will develop evidence-based and cost-effective models of health and wellbeing promotion