• Competition and regulation
  • Data economy
  • Firm productivity growth and market dynamics
  • Foreign trade and trade policy

The research examines the role of competition in the economy. How do markets work and how does regulation and the public sector influence company strategies and market dynamics?

A special focus will be on how digitalization and the data market affect enterprises and competition between them.

Research also explores the reasons explaining the success of export companies, as well as the impact of changes in the trade policy on the economy.

Selected research

Research began 2020 Research ends 2020
The foreclosure system guarantees creditors that at least part of the debts will be paid back. On the other hand, a person with low-income loses significant portion of his or her income to foreclosure upon foreclosure, which weakens his
Research began 2019 Research ended 2020
Statistics Finland, Finlands Bank and Etla Economic Research have developed modeling based on nowcasting methods which are used to model certain monitored economic indicators using other, rapidly updated data sources. Tourism is a cyclical phenomenon where changes can be
Research began 2020 Research ends 2021
This study, carried out as a consortium between Aalto University, ETLA Economic Research, Finnish Institute for health and welfare and VATT Institute for Economic Research, assesses what costs in out-patient medicines, how the prices of medicines can be influenced
Research began 2017 Research ends 2020
This project evaluates the impacts of Tekes R&D subsidies by answering to the following five questions: i) Have subsidized firms increased their R&D investments, and if yes to what extent, due to Tekes funding (i.e., input additionality)?, ii) Have
Research began 2017 Research ends 2021
The consortium Tackling Biases and Bubbles in Participation (BIBU) builds a novel multidisciplinary research setting that explores the dynamics of citizenship in Finland. We study Finland as a testing ground for globalisation, exploring how worldwide changes affect citizens’ political
Research began 2017 Research ends 2020
Etla started three-year international trade and investments research at the end of 2017. The need for research has increased due to changes in trade on one hand and contract arrangements related activites and political pressures on the other. There
Research began 2019 Research ended 2019
The aim of the project is to evaluate the economic impacts of the EU’s FTAs on Finland. Trade agreements have a central role in ensuring economic growth and employment. The main purpose of the analysis is to study the
Research began 2018 Research ended 2019
The project studies the effects of firm subsidies on global competitiveness. The study will be conducted with a clear distinction between two different aspects of competitiveness: short-term cost competitiveness, and long-term structural competitiveness. The aim is to better perceive
Research began 2017 Research ended 2019
The project focuses on the significance of immigrants to business dynamics and economic growth of Finland from both employment and productivity growth perspectives. Economic growth is, ultimately and above all, based on new ideas, which are converted into growth
Research began 2016 Research ended 2017
We construct an up-to-date study of the Chinese economy, its international role, and especially Finnish-Chinese Economic Relations. ETLA’s research team has previously done several studies on, e.g., Finland’s EU and EMU membership, Finnish-Russian Economic Relations, and Finnish-American Economic Relations.
Research began 2014 Research ended 2018
The project will be a comparative analysis of the development of labour productivity, wages and operating margins in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland. The analyses will be based on comparative micro-level data, with a special focus on dynamics and
Research began 2015 Research ended 2017
There is an increasing unanimity in Finland, that the Finnish manufacturing sector has problems with its cost competitiveness. Roughly one half of it can be explained by increases in labour costs exceeding those of the competitors and another half
Research began 2016 Research ended 2017
The project aims at producing information on the cost-effective ways of promoting the use and effectiveness of open data. The first goal is to determine indicators and a model for assessing impacts and cost-effectiveness of opening up data (particularly
Research began 2016 Research ended 2018
Etla’s part in the project firstly focuses on the developments in personal data related hype-cycles and innovation in three selected domains that have been identified to have an exceptionally large near-term potential to generate value from data. Such data-intensive