This study analyses the motives and results of outsourcing. According to the results, companies have pursued outsourcing for a variety of reasons. Cost savings are the major driving force behind the outsourcing of production function. Increased flexibility, focusing and additional capacity are other important motives. In most cases, R&D outsourcing is driven by knowledge acquisition, but increasing R&D capacity and increasing flexibility are also important motives. In addition to outsourcing motives, another major result of the study concerns the results of out-sourcing. Approximately 50% of companies have completely achieved the original goals of outsourcing. Moreover, the targeted cost savings have been completely achieved in 40% of cases.