In the 1990s, Nokia became a leader in the global cell phone market. The stellar growth of Nokia contributed significantly to the Finnish national economy, especially to GDP growth, exports and the R&D system.
The first years of the 21st century have witnessed a massive relocation of electronics manufacturing from Europe and the U.S. to Asia and other low-cost regions via the emergence of global supply chains. The Finnish ICT cluster and the national economy as a whole have been influenced by this transformation in many ways.
This book offers four complementary perspectives on the global ICT transformation and the role of Nokia in the Finnish economy:
– What is Nokias contribution to the growth and restructuring of the Finnish economy?
– How have the manufacturing supplier networks of Nokia changed during the 2000s?
– Is the innovative dominance of Nokia in Finland a unique phenomenon in international comparison?
– Where is the value added of high-tech products such as mobile phones created, and who captures the value?