Etla’s research activities focus on two thematic areas and the research is carried out in four research groups.

Theme 01 Impact of Economic Policy

The aim is to provide information on how economic policy can promote competition and business conditions between companies in Finland and improve the competitiveness of Finnish production on the world market.

Research topics

  • Finland’s competitiveness
  • Finland’s capacity to adapt to economic shocks
  • Flexibility in the labor market contract system/institutions
  • Impact of the transport system on business agglomeration
  • Factors influencing corporate investment activity
  • Structural competitiveness indices
  • The Finnish regulatory system and its impact on competition between companies in Finland
  • Methods for assessing the impact of social security, both in the short term and throughout the life cycle of, particularly in terms of labor supply and the effectiveness of the income transfer system

02 Impact of Driving Forces (Megatrends)

The research focuses on the driving forces’ (megatrend’s) effects on the business sector and on the preconditions of economic policies

Research topics

  • Economic Analysis of Climate Change
  • The impact of technological change and aging on the need for adult and retraining
  • Impact of digitalization on the Finnish tax system
  • Pressures for the tax system in the EU
  • Time after artificial intelligence
  • Future of the forest sector
  • Globalization and trade policy.

Research groups

Labour market and education

Research on labour markets and skills focuses on the structures and dynamics of the labour market. The strong ongoing structural change of the labour market impacts labour market institutions and wage systems. It is reflected in the structure, mobility and career development of the workforce, and therefore also in the development of wage and income disparities.

Growth, international trade and competition

Research examines the role of competition in the economy. The focus is on the functioning of the markets and the impact of regulation and public sector activity on market dynamics. The programme provides a large amount of empirical analysis based on firm- and individual-level data on the competitive strategies of companies, barriers to entry in the market and the impact of public policy on competition and the operation of companies.

Macroeconomy and public finances

The main focus of our public finance research is on structural issues related to taxation and social security. The long-term problems of economic policy are addressed in particular from the perspective of population ageing, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and risks associated with economic and demographic development. The policy analysis focuses on the sustainability of public finances and the evaluation of related operational strategies.

Business renewal

The research of new technologies deals with the impact of the creation, emergence and application of new knowledge on businesses, industries and society. The focus is often on the discontinuities and changes related to technological development. Many of the programme’s projects are strongly interdisciplinary. Almost every project involves cooperation with companies or other stakeholders.