Research projects

The effects of wage subsidies on the employability and employment

This research project evaluates comprehensively the effects of wage subsidies on the employability and employment, including the earnings development, of long-term unemployed as well as disabled people. For these purposes, the project makes innovative use of merged individual-level longitudinal register data in combination with empirical methods representing the forefront of international research. The evaluation of […]

Immigrants, Business Dynamics and Economic Growth

The project focuses on the significance of immigrants to business dynamics and economic growth of Finland from both employment and productivity growth perspectives. Economic growth is, ultimately and above all, based on new ideas, which are converted into growth in national productivity, if the conditions of business dynamics are good. Immigrants can play a significant […]


Etla currently has two projects that use big data in economic forecasting. ETLAnow unemployment predicts the unemployment rate in every EU country using real-time data from Google Trends database and latest official data from Eurostat. The forecasts for three months ahead are automatically updated every morning. The forecasts are also available on Twitter. ETLAnow is […]

Debt relations and welfare financing in Finland

The study analyses on debt and debt relations of individuals and the public sector in a welfare state. It characterizes the properties of private and public debt and implicit public liabilities, studies household debt in a life-cycle perspective, assesses fiscal adjustment and determinants of risk premia of public debt in various countries, explores the interaction […]

Development Prospects of Finnish-Chinese Economic Relations

We construct an up-to-date study of the Chinese economy, its international role, and especially Finnish-Chinese Economic Relations. ETLA’s research team has previously done several studies on, e.g., Finland’s EU and EMU membership, Finnish-Russian Economic Relations, and Finnish-American Economic Relations. ETLA has also done research on China in the past, and the country’s economic development is […]

Blockchains Boosting Finnish industry (BOND)

Finnish blockchain ecosystem consisting of public sector, research organisations and companies fully exploits the potential of blockchain technology in their research, business and technology portfolio. Finnish blockchain development and solutions are internationally competitive and well-known. The overall objective of the project is to form an understanding of blockchain tools, technologies, solutions and business possibilities in […]