Adjusting the earnings-related pension system to low growth

This study analyses the adjustment of the Finnish earnings-related pension system to very low economic growth. The results show that a permanently lower growth rate of the wage bill would raise only moderately the pension contribution rates in the long term. This is because also the benefits are partially linked to wages. But if the […]

Convergence, income distribution, and the economic crisis in Europe

We analyse the Sigma convergence (standard deviation divided by average) of purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita and GDP per hour worked in the European Union. We also link the development in income distribution as measured by Gini coefficients to convergence. With short pauses, there has been a long term trend of GDP per capita […]

The euro area economy: Never ending recession?

The outlook for the euro area economy has improved only slightly in recent months. Real DDP has declined continuously during the last one and a half years until the first quarter of this year, and a clear turnaround is not in sight. The June estimate of the Eurogrowth indicator predicts another small decline of 0.1 […]

Tracking offshoring and outsourcing strategies in global supply chains

in The Offshoring Challenge: Strategic Design and Innovation for Tomorrow’s Organization ( Eds.:  Pedersen, T.; Bals, L.; Ørberg Jensen, P.D.; Larsen, M.M. )  Chapter 4, Springer Publishing in the Production and Process Engineering Series Not available from ETLA

Commercialization or Engagement: Which Is of More Significance to the U.S. Economy ?

Beginning with the commercialization of genetic engineering (biotechnology) research beginning in the late 1970s and the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act, U.S. university administrators quickly built technology licensing (transfer) offices meant to commercialize inventions made by their researchers. By studying technology transfer in electrical engineering and computer science, statistics and mathematics, scientific instruments, and agriculture, […]

Specialisation and/or Convergence: Structure of European Exports and Production

We analyse the degree of EU countries’ specialisation in their exports and manufacturing value added using the Herfindahl-Hirschmann index and the degree of structural similarity using the similarity index developed by Finger and Kreinin (1979). We also analyse the convergence of GDP growth rates over time and compare it with export similarity. At the industry […]

Adjusting the earnings-related pension system to low growth

This study analyses the adjustment of the Finnish earnings-related pension system to very low economic growth. The results show that a permanently lower growth rate of the wage bill would raise only moderately the pension contribution rates in the long term. This is because also the benefits are partially linked to wages. But if the […]

Convergence, income distribution, and the economic crisis in Europe

We analyse the Sigma convergence (standard deviation divided by average) of purchasing power adjusted GDP per capita and GDP per hour worked in the European Union. We also link the development in income distribution as measured by Gini coefficients to convergence. With short pauses, there has been a long term trend of GDP per capita […]

The euro area economy: Never ending recession?

The outlook for the euro area economy has improved only slightly in recent months. Real DDP has declined continuously during the last one and a half years until the first quarter of this year, and a clear turnaround is not in sight. The June estimate of the Eurogrowth indicator predicts another small decline of 0.1 […]

Tracking offshoring and outsourcing strategies in global supply chains

in The Offshoring Challenge: Strategic Design and Innovation for Tomorrow’s Organization ( Eds.:  Pedersen, T.; Bals, L.; Ørberg Jensen, P.D.; Larsen, M.M. )  Chapter 4, Springer Publishing in the Production and Process Engineering Series Not available from ETLA

Commercialization or Engagement: Which Is of More Significance to the U.S. Economy ?

Beginning with the commercialization of genetic engineering (biotechnology) research beginning in the late 1970s and the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act, U.S. university administrators quickly built technology licensing (transfer) offices meant to commercialize inventions made by their researchers. By studying technology transfer in electrical engineering and computer science, statistics and mathematics, scientific instruments, and agriculture, […]

Specialisation and/or Convergence: Structure of European Exports and Production

We analyse the degree of EU countries’ specialisation in their exports and manufacturing value added using the Herfindahl-Hirschmann index and the degree of structural similarity using the similarity index developed by Finger and Kreinin (1979). We also analyse the convergence of GDP growth rates over time and compare it with export similarity. At the industry […]